Fascinating aspects come in distinct shapes and formats that have great educational value for the kids to learn. So, let’s try to understand what are 2d, 3d, and irregular geometric shapes and how these are useful in our lives.
Spatial Awareness – Understanding shapes with examples to kids enhances their knowledge in spatial aspects and also helps the children understand and interact with the world.
Visual Discrimination – Identifying or ascertaining different shapes improves visual determination skills and a champion in visual tasks.
Geometry – This is a branch of mathematical concepts, where distinct shapes have some depth to offer in other fields also. It is important to understand the mathematical concepts.
Understanding shapes and their anatomy sharpens measurement concepts, like comparing sizes, lengths, breadths, and angles.
Vocabulary development – Learning shapes introduces new words to the children and enhances enriching language skills. It even fosters effective communication in descriptive languages.
Critical and Analytical Skills – Learning shapes promote logical reasoning from an early stage by recognizing patterns and spatial relationships, contributing to critical and analyzing skills.
Artistic Expressions – Pre-writing skills can be developed as it lays the groundwork by connecting dots to form distinct shapes.
Everyday Applications – Recognizing shapes and patterns of buildings and other architectural aspects can be observed and can be critically thought about environmental issues.
Engagement – Teaching shapes and patterns can spark curiosity and foster a positive attitude from an early age and involve in social interaction.
Basic 2d geometric shapes
The 2-dimensional shape can be defined as a flat figure or a shape of 2 dimensions i.e., length and width that has no thickness or depth. Here are the 2-dimensional geometric shapes for the kids to learn.
This is a 4-sided polygon with opposite sides of equal length and equal breadth. This is a widely used 2d shape in our daily life. This 2d shaped polygon on paper cannot be physically held, because they have no depth.
This is a 4-sided polygon of r equal side angles. The length of each side is equal to the length of each other 3 sides and all angles are equal to 90 degrees. This shape is used in many architectural applications.
A pentagon is a flat 2d shape that has 5 sides and five vertices. Each side and angle is different, and the interior angles sum up to 540 degrees. This geometric shape is widely used in architectural aspects.
These geometric shapes consist of 3 sides and 3 angles. This section includes equilateral, with all sides and angles that are equal, isosceles triangles with 2 equal sides, and scalene with all sides unequal. All these 2d shapes when summed up, are always 180 degrees. These are used in all kinds of designs and architectures.
It is a fundamental 2d geometric shape that is defined by a continuous and perfectly curved boundary equidistant from its center. These shapes are always evident in all sorts of designs. The properties of radius, area, and circumference contribute to the calculations in branches of geometry, physics, engineering, and many others.
It is a polygon with 8 sides and 8 angles. In this 2d shape, each angle measures 135 degrees with all sides of equal length. From stop signs to decorative elements, contributing to the wide use and recognition.
A hexagon is a 2d shaped geometric shape characterized by straight sides and 6 angles. This shape can be found in nature like a honeycomb. The Symmetry and versatility of the Hexagon are evident and prevail in mathematics.
3d geometric shapes
These are 3-dimensional shapes with width, height, and depth. Here are the geometric shapes in a 3-dimensional format.
A cube is a 3d shaped figure characterized by 6 square faces of equal size, 12 straight edges, and 8 vertices. Each angle of a cube is a right angle and all sides are identically equal in length. The volume of the cube is calculated by cubing the length of one of its sides. An example of a cube is a 3×3 Rubik’s cube.
This is also called as a rectangular prism with 6 rectangular faces, 12 edges, and 8 vertices. It has opposite faces that are equal in size and shape. Its volume is calculated by multiplying the length, width, and height. For example; TV, furniture, and books are cuboids with rectangular shapes.
This geometric solid figure has a circular base connected to a single point, the apex, through a curved surface. A cone extends into a 3-dimensional shape with the circular base expanding into a pointed apex. These cones are applied in different walks of life like birthday caps, traffic cones, and ice cream cones.
A geometric figure with two parallel circular bases connected by a curved surface. The two lines run from a circular top surface to a circular bottom surface. Some real-life examples of cylinders are pipes, water tanks, and gas cylinders.
These are characterized by a round shape defined by all points equidistant from its center. Though 3-dimensional, it lacks edges, lines, and vertices but a continuous surface. Some of the examples are planets, balls, eyeballs, marbles, and others.
It is also known as a triangular pyramid, composed of 4 triangular faces, 6 straight edges, and 4 vertex corners. The Great Pyramid of Giza and Tents are examples of terahedrons.
Square Based Pyramid
This is a 3-dimensional shape with 4 flat triangular faces and 1 square face, 8 edges, and 5 vertices, having a total of 5 faces. It is like a right square pyramid with 4 isosceles triangles. Examples are pyramids and some blocks in a Lego game.
Irregular geometric shapes
These geometric shapes have a diverse range of characteristics making them versatile from the regular ones. Though these are irregular, they are used in various designs and architecture and are considered essential. These are also called Irregular polygons.
Benefits of Irregular Geometric Shapes :
- Unlike regular shapes, which have congruent sides and angles, these exhibit variation in their internal shapes and angles.
- As these shapes lack symmetry and uniformity, they give a variety of design and architectural values.
- These shapes are commonly used in geographical mapping to locate various territories.
- When these irregular geometric shapes are conceived in infrastructural aspects, then a peculiar acoustic experience can be felt in structures like theatres or halls.
- Working with these geometric shapes in different branches of mathematics tends to solve some problems.
- Architectural innovation can be obtained if such peculiar and Irregular geometrical designs are incorporated.
- Realistic depictions of objects, landscapes, or biological forms can be replicated using these irregular shapes.
These irregular geometric shapes offer a range of benefits when they are used in various disciplines to promote creativity, realism, and versatility in designs, patterns, and problem-solving.
Advanced geometric shapes
These are beyond the basic polygons and include more complexity in terms of basic figures and design. These shapes can be seen in advanced mathematical, arithmetical, engineering, physics, and other scientific areas. Here are some of the examples of advanced geometric shapes.
This is a two-dimensional shape, that is defined along its axes. It is a geometric shape that resembles a flattened or elongated circle. These appear in various fields like physics, astronomy, and art. These are additionally used in designing sectors like graphic design and applied in mathematical properties.
It is known for its peculiar U shape. It is used in mathematics, physics, and engineering. It is formed by the intersection of a cone and a plane parallel to one of the cone’s sides. The symmetrical properties are mathematically pleasing.
This is a type of conic section, a curve formed by the intersection of a plane with a double cone. The shape of a Hyperbola is defined by the distances between its foci and the distances between points on the curve and its center. These shapes are included in Mathematics, physics, and other scientific applications.
It is a quadrilateral (4-sided polygon) characterized by its unique set of properties that distinguish it from other shapes. This is a special type of parallelogram, unlike rectangles or squares that are not necessarily right angles. It has equal side lengths, opposite angles, diagonals bisect each other at right angles. This is also used in various contexts in Mathematics, physics, and others.
It is a quadrilateral with one pair of parallel sides. The parallel sides are called bases, and the non-parallel sides are called legs. It has four sides closing the shape and also has a perimeter.
This advanced geometric shape is a three-dimensional figure with flat polygon faces and straight edges. The edges of the Polyhedra meet at the vertices. These shapes are commonly found in prisms, soccer balls, rectangular pyramids, and others.
Non – Euclidean Geometric Shapes
Any geometrical shape that is not Euclidean in shape is this shape. These are frequently used to refer only to hyperbolic geometry and spherical geometry that differ from Euclidean theories. Beyond normal mathematics, these shapes and angles are used in advanced versions and branches of geometry.
Teaching shapes to kids at an early stage forms a basis for cognitive, mathematical, and other developments to foster a range of academic and real-life skills.
What is the easiest way to teach kids shapes?
Using drawing charts, taking real examples at home, or assembling a Lego toy set by determining the shapes of the blocks.
Can learning shapes help in early development?
Shape learning helps the kids to garner and grasp more knowledge in fields like mathematics, vocabulary, science, and architectural skills.
Are there any games to make shape learning fun?
There are certain games like Shape Masters, a 2d game for kids and some building blocks games that are helpful to understand shapes with fun.