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List of National Symbols of India with Pictures

Introduction

India is a country that is renowned for its diverse yet rich cultures and heritage on the world stage. Such representation needs a symbol that has the power to echo diversity effectively. Such a symbol should be able to echo the narration about the nation as soon as it appears. The rich fabric of distinct hues and cultures is represented through these symbols. These symbols are called national symbols which can make out nation stand apart from other countries on a world stage.

Following are the national symbols of India representing India at multiple forums across the globe.

National Symbols of India

TIRANGA

  • It is the Tri-colour Flag adopted as the National Flag of India on July 22, 1947, post-independence. 
  • This was designed by ‘Pingali Venkayya’ with a traditional wheel symbolizing Gandhi’s goal of making Indians self-reliant. Later it evolved into what it is now. 
  • The term ‘Tiranga’ denotes the flag’s 3 colors, Saffron, White, and Green with a navy blue Ashoka Chakra at the center.
  • Saffron represents Courage, White represents the spirit of renunciation, Green represents truth, peace, and purity, while the Chakra denotes a symbol of righteousness.
  • With a width of 2:3 ratio, is flown on the government buildings, public institutions, and at national events.
  • The flag symbolizes India’s unity in diversity and the aspirations for freedom and justice.

JANA GANA MANA

  • This is the national anthem of India, adopted officially on January 24, 1950.
  • This is composed by Rabindranath Tagore originally in Bengali as ‘Bharoto Bhagya Bidhata’.
  • The lyrics of the song depict the diverse and vast Indian subcontinent for 52 seconds when played.
  • It is often heard mandatorily on national occasions, including the beginning of school and public functions.
  • This anthem was included in the Constituent Assembly of India on the advice of Jawaharlal Nehru. 
  • Acknowledging the rich cultural heritage and pluralism of India, this anthem invokes a sense of pride and patriotism.

VANDE MATARAM

  • This patriotic song holds a great sentimental value, written by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee in Sanskrit, and composed by Jadunath Bhattacharya.
  • The term translates to ‘I Bow to Thee, Mother’ (motherland India) in English.
  • It gained its prominence as a rallying cry during the independence struggle.
  • This is often used in political and patriotic gatherings, expressing love and reverence for the country.
  • Sung in various musical renditions, reflecting the cultural diversity of the land, invoking the deep-rooted connection between the people and land. 
  • This song can raise and foster a sense of nationalism and unity. 

NATIONAL PLEDGE 

  • This is a patriotic promise composed by a socialist leader and freedom fighter ‘Pydimarri Venkata Subba Rao’ in 1962. 
  • It expresses a solemn commitment of loyalty and dedication to shaping the country and fostering brotherhood. 
  • This is a symbol of unity amongst citizens often heard in school and public gatherings. 
  • It is a civic duty to inculcate in the curriculum of the students since their first stage of education to instill citizenship and responsibility. 
  • This is an unconditional patriotic vow to uphold the sovereignty, integrity, and unity of India. 

NATIONAL EMBLEM

  • This is the official symbol representing the country and its ideals. 
  • The design presents the Lion Capital of Ashoka, a sculpture dating back to the 3rd century BCE. 
  • The 24-spoke wheel represents the wheel of Dharma(righteousness). 
  • This was adopted as a national emblem on January 26, 1950, coinciding with the adoption of the Constitution of India.
  • The 3 lions represent power, courage, and confidence while the Dharma Chakra signifies righteousness and moral law, representing the authority of India as a whole. 
  • The words ‘Satyameva Jayate’ (Truth Alone Triumphs) are inscribed below the emblem. 
  • This reflects the historical and cultural heritage of India, embodying principles of justice, liberty, equality, and fraternity. 

SAKA CALENDAR

  • This is the calendar introduced by the Shaka kings of the Shaka era in ancient India. 
  • The calendar begins with the year of the Shaka era believed to have started in 78CE.
  • This lunar calendar follows 12 months to finish one. 
  • Widely used by the government and administration departments of India. 
  • This calendar adheres to the concept of leap year like the Gregorian Calendar, yet remains to be India’s cultural significance and integral to the administrative landscape. 
  • The celebrations and festivals in a year are often marked based on the calendar. 

MANGO

  • This fruit in India is often called as ‘King of Fruits’, associated with the summer season that is widely harvested from March to July. 
  • It was declared as the national fruit of India in 1950 for its special place in literature, art, and mythology. 
  • India boasts a rich diversity of mango varieties, including Alphonso, Himsagar, and Kesar.
  • The cultivation contributes to a significant portion of India’s agricultural economy and exports. 
  • These are consumed both fresh and in various methods like chutneys, pickles, and desserts. 
  • The different varieties are showcased during the ‘Mango Festival’, reflecting the diverse cultures and national status of unity among people. 

GANGA

  • The sacred and holiest of all according to Hinduism, symbolizing purity and spirituality, flows incessantly through Northern India. 
  • This covers a vast course of about 2525 km, deeply woven into the fabric of Indian culture. 
  • The flow features various aspects of religion, rituals, myths, and folklore. 
  • A major pilgrimage site ‘Varanasi’ is situated at the banks of this river. 
  • The Ganga basin is rich in biodiversity, supporting various aquatic species, and fostering agriculture too. 
  • This is a symbol of cultural and geographical unity, connecting diverse regions and communities of India. 

ROYAL BENGAL TIGER

  • This Tiger(Panthera Tigris Tigris) is the national animal of India, primarily found in the Suburban mangrove forest of West Bengal and other national parks across India. 
  • This animal symbolizes strength, agility, and biodiversity. 
  • Tigers are revered in Indian mythology and attributed to many deities. 
  • As an apex predator, tigers play a crucial role in maintaining the balance of the ecosystems.
  • Often a discussion of conservation of these takes place to curb the dwindling population. 
  • The royal Bengal tiger embodies India’s commitment to wildlife conversation and environmental stewardship. 

INDIAN BANYAN

  • This is the national tree of India, found throughout the country. 
  • Its distinctive features are known for its extensive aerial prop roots that grow into secondary trunks, creating a complex structure. 
  • This is a tree revered in Hinduism, associated with longevity, and considered sacred. 
  • Many functions, ceremonies, and festive setups are gathered under this tree’s shade, making it a symbol of knowledge and wisdom. 
  • Ranging from urban to tropical areas, these trees can thrive in diverse ecosystems. 
  • The traditional and medicinal values of this tree reflect the rich cultural and ecological heritage. 

GANGES RIVER DOLPHIN

  • This Dolphin (Platenista Gangetica) is the national aquatic animal of India. 
  • These primarily inhabit the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna river system of India, Bangladesh, and Nepal. 
  • This is often known for its long snout and distinctive hump, adapted to the river’s environment. 
  • Its presence indicates a healthy ecosystem, often revered in Hindu mythology, associated with Goddess Ganga. 
  • Classified as endangered due to habitat degradation, pollution, and accidental capture in fishing gear due to human activities. 
  • Designating the Ganges River Dolphin as a national symbol emphasizes the importance of preserving the aquatic biodiversity and health of the Ganges River ecosystem. 

INDIAN PEACOCK

  • This bird is renowned for its vibrant and lustrous plumage, addressing beauty and grace. 
  • It was designated as the national bird of India in 1963, due to its rich cultural and aesthetical significance. 
  • This has been associated with Indian Mythology, with Goddess Saraswati and Karthikeya, adding cultural depth to its symbolism. 
  • The peacock’s diverse and colorful feathers reflect the diverse cultures, traditions, and landscapes of India. 
  • The peacock is featured on the Indian Rupee currency notes, emphasizing its economic importance. 
  • Its presence highlights the nation’s commitment to wildlife conservation, as it thrives in the protected areas. 

INDIAN RUPEE

  • The Rupee serves as the official currency of the Republic of India. 
  • The symbol was officially adopted in 2010, designed to reflect the Devanagari script and the letter ‘R’. 
  • This symbol represents the economic strength and stability of the nation.
  • This symbol represents the nation’s existence and stance in the arena of economic and financial platforms. 
  • The symbol embodies India’s commitment to preserve and promote its cultural heritage through integration into our daily lives. 
  • It represents the Reserve Bank of India’s (RBI) role in regulating and maintaining the stability of the Indian currency. 
  • The stability of the Indian Rupee through this symbol addresses any changes in the economic policies and financial resilience of the country. 

KING COBRA

  • The king cobra is a venomous snake native to India and Southeast Asia. 
  • These are renowned for their majestic appearance and behavior.
  • These snakes have been designated to emphasize the need to protect endangered species and wildlife as a nation’s commitment. 
  • These are associated with Indian mythology, symbolizing protection and power, often depicted as sheltering gods. 
  • Their existence indicates the ecological and balanced ecosystem, controlling the rodent population. 
  • The unique behaviors like building nests as their homes and raising the upper part of their bodies helped in the studies of reptile sciences. 
  • They symbolize the delicate balance between humans and wildlife, addressing the importance of coexistence and conservation for a sustainable future. 

INDIAN ELEPHANT

  • The Indian Elephant serves as a national symbol, embodying strength, intelligence, and cultural significance. 
  • This was designated as a national animal integrating with the country’s history, culture, and ecology. 
  • This is revered in Hinduism relating to various deities, particularly Lord Ganesha, god of wisdom and prosperity. 
  • Elephants are referred to as a flagship to take forward the health of biodiversity and the ecosystem. 
  • Elephants play a crucial role in the nation’s tourism industry, featuring cultural events, festivals, and wildlife safaris, contributing to the nation’s economy. 
  • The essence of their existence dates back to the time when these were traditionally employed in agriculture and forestry, emphasizing the connection between humans and the environment. 

LOTUS

  • The Lotus flower is the most revered symbol denoting the purity and spiritual awakening in various religions and philosophies. 
  • This was designated as a national flower of India in 1950, as a unifying symbol transcending religious and cultural boundaries. 
  • The exquisite and pristine appearance reflects India’s appreciation for natural beauty and its cultural emphasis on aesthetics. 
  • The lotus has been selected as a national symbol to address and take a vow to environmental conversation and preservation of native flora. 
  • Growing in muddy waters, they represent the nation’s resilience to rise above the challenges, serving as an impactful metaphor. 

Importance of National Symbols

Identity 

National Symbols serves as a visual representation of a country’s identity, fostering a sense of unity and belonging among the people. These create a connection despite India being a land known for its diversity and cultures, as a blanket to unify all under these heaving prideful presence. 

Historical and Cultural Heritage

Some symbols often evoke the stories of the past that serve as roots to the present boasting attitude of the country to date. The country’s journey, struggles, evolution, and achievements can be echoed through one symbol. These symbols embody cultural values, traditions, and ideals passed down from history through generations. 

Patriotic Symbolism

These symbols invoke patriotism and pride, instilling a sense of loyalty and allegiance to the country. These are decorated respectively throughout the ceremonies, events public gatherings, and national-level representations in the foreign land. These tend to create an imagery imprint into the minds to remember the country and the reformers as a whole when these come into sight immediately.

Global Recognition

In the concept of recognition globally, the term ‘soft power’ is included, which means immediately sensing the country. These symbols create such lasting impact through specific designs and colors so to be peculiar when compared, contributing to the global image. It mainly represents the country’s values and aspirations to sound purposefully around the globe.

Legal Significance

These hold legal importance with protocols and regulations governing their use in official contexts and issues. These are enshrined and given a duty to fulfill in the constitution, laws, and official documents, emphasizing their significance.

Education

These are inculcated as mandatory subjects to be taught to students to make them understand the country’s history, culture, and principles. They invoke a social discussion amongst students help to share the national narratives and foster a sense of responsibility towards the country’s future.  

Conclusion

Go through these symbols, as these are the pride representations of India’s persona in various formats.